A dental prosthesis is an artificial element destined to restore the anatomy of one or more dental pieces, restoring also the relationship between the jaws, while returns the vertical dimension, and rests both natural teeth and periodontal structures. The professional commissioned to design, develop and manufacture these devices and artificial elements is dental prosthetic, which performs its work in a dental laboratory receiving indications of the dentist.
This is the most important objective of the prosthesis, since the recovery of the functionality of mouth is essential for the welfare of the patient is the first thing to get. The functions of the mouth to be recovered are: a chewing effective without the prosthesis interfere with swallowing and phonetics, enabling the patient proper communication. Moreover, should obviously be taken into account that the prosthesis should not interfere with breathing. All prosthesis must have an efficient system of retention, ie, the restoration may remain in the mouth and not fall or get out of position. The support of the prosthesis, ie the structures of the mouth that support must be chosen carefully, as both stability and retention is based on the use of adequate support.
The stability of a prosthesis stability is essential, since an unstable prosthesis balancejarà biting one or another side, which is not difficult because a prosthesis functional chewing and phonetics at besides being already in itself also uncomfortable in the mouth.
The fixing is not dependent on the device protésico but ground support. In the same way that each device has its own units prosthesic retention, support and stability, each unit will have its own denture fixation.
- Supported by the teeth: Those that are supported by pillars or remaining teeth of the patient, which are natural teeth that still. The teeth can retain its entire structure or can be pre-cut teeth the dentist. Supported by the teeth types are fixed prostheses.
- Mucous supported: Those that are supported on the alveolar process, contact the gum tissue is fiber-mucous. (complete prosthesis resin).
- Teeth and mucous supported: Those who combine both types of support mentioned above, ie, supported both patient’s own teeth in the alveolar process. Prostheses are made of metal, resin partial prostheses and prosthetic joint.
- Implant supported: Those that are supported by surgical implants (prosthetic implant).
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